NSC, Paro

Background of NSC, Paro

The Royal Government of Bhutan (RGoB) recognizing the critical role that improved seeds and plants can play in increasing agricultural productivity, increased cash income generation and food self-sufficiency has focused on seed system development right from the start of the 1st Five Year Plan implementation in 1961.

1 October 1961

The Department of Agriculture was established, which started a number of model agricultural farms, seeds multiplication farms, agricultural research station, and development of extension work. Efforts were made to increase the area under fruit and vegetable cultivation


The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) initiated the National Seeds and Plants Programme (NASEPP) in 1984 with objective to produce and supply certified seeds and fruit plants of improved varieties to the Bhutanese farmers. The programme, over the years, gained experience and established itself as the forerunner seeds and plants sector programme of MoA.


The MoA with the approval of Ministry of Finance (MoF) decided to corporatize NASEPP based on the judgment that it will be financially self-sustaining with its own revenue into Druk Seed Corporation (DSC), an undertaking of MoA with effect from 1st July, 1995.

 2010 – To date

Following on the 64th Lhengye Zhungtshog’s (The Cabinet) decision and approval to streamline the seeds/inputs services and subsequent office order from the Cabinet Secretariat C-3/1093 dated March 10, 2010, the Druk Seed Corporation was reverted back to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests (MoAF) as a departmental programme and was renamed as the National Seed Centre.